Grassland field with mountain in background

Restoring North America’s Most Imperiled Ecosystem

Tennessee was once home to an estimated 7 million acres of grasslands. Even now, after so much loss of grassland over the past 250 years, Tennessee lost an average of 27,359 acres of grassland each year between 2008 and 2016. Restoring this critical habitat is key for the success of native wildlife and plants.

Did you Know?



estimated historical acres of grassland in Tennessee



of grassland lost in Tennessee from 2008 to 2016


of threatened and endangered plants in the southeast require or prefer grassland habitats.

Source: Southeastern Grasslands Initiative

Grasslands are Critical Habitats for Plants and Wildlife

Of the more than 26 million acres of land in Tennessee, nearly 7 million were historically grassland habitats. Most types of grasslands in the Southeast have declined by at least 90% of their historic range. Grassland habitats provide many ecosystem benefits, such as carbon sequestration, improving soil health, and flood control. They also provide incredible food and cover for pollinators and wildlife species that rely on grassland habitats, as well as economic benefits through horticulture, tourism, agriculture, and more.

Tennessee Wildlife Federation is a member of the national coalition in support of the North American Grasslands Conservation Act (NAGCA). If passed, this act would provide dedicated funding for restoration and conservation of native grasslands across the country. It would also create a North American Grasslands Conservation Strategy to guide these projects.

The NAGCA was first introduced in the U.S. Senate in 2022. The bill was modeled after the highly successful North American Wetlands Conservation Act, which has led to the restoration of nearly 3 million acres of habitat since it passed in 1989.

Without grasslands, thousands of wildlife and plant species would be lost. Learn more about the NAGCA and how it would impact conservation in the southeast in this blog.

Grassland with a tree

Speak out

Let your lawmakers know conservation is important to you.

Help lead Tennessee's wildlife and habitat conservation movement by making your voice heard.


Donate to support wild Tennessee and our great outdoors.

Your generosity helps manage wildlife populations and restore habitats for a more vibrant Tennessee.

Sign up for action alerts

Learn More

How Your Donation Improves Conservation

How Your Donation Improves Conservation

When you donate to Tennessee Wildlife Federation, you become a catalyst for change through our programs that focus on the perpetual improvement of conservation, wildlife habitat, recreation, and more all across our beautiful state. 

read more

Make Your gift for tennessee's wildlife and great outdoors.

Tennessee's wildlife, water, and wild places are under more pressure than any time in decades. Conservationists like you make all the difference.